The tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate, is extensive in area and covers most of western Nigeria to central Nigeria beginning from the tropical rainforest climate boundary in southern Nigeria to the central part of Nigeria, where it exerts enormous influence on the region. Nigeria's tropical climate makes it an all-year-round tourist destination, with temperatures staying consistently hot. June marks the beginning of the rainy season in Nigeria. The peak of the rainy season in Nigeria occur in august with more than enough for South, East as well as the Northern region of the country. The water temperature in May is +28 °C (82 °F). In March, the water in the Gulf of Guinea is heated to +28 °C (82 °F) ... +29 °C (84 °F). Most of Nigeria's Christians are Protestant (broadly defined) though about a quarter are Catholic. Flu /Influenza. However, sometimes there are hurricanes with gusts up to 45 m/s. In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. August in Nigeria is the coldest and rainiest. This shift begins from February and ends in June, when the sun is fully overhead, at the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. The rainy season in Nigeria starts in March and lasts till about September with peak periods in June, depending. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. [9] Nigeria's northern end is south of the 15 degrees line at about 14 degrees. In other words, a car that isn’t allergic to getting into the water. The wind speed is set within the limits of 2-7 m/s. The wet season (sometimes called the rainy season) is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs. 9 rainy days are recorded. This is a list of the extreme points of Nigeria, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. Precipitation is not recorded in this month. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. The level of precipitation increases sharply, and now 413 mm falls in 17 rainy days. Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in millimeters: Nigeria is covered by three types of vegetation: forests (where there is significant tree cover), savannahs (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and montane land. Potiskum, Yobe State in the northeast of Nigeria recorded Nigeria’s lowest ever temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F). The air humidity is 69%. June is the most wet month. Niger - Niger - Climate: Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. A month falls 102 mm of precipitation. The dry season is accompanied by a dust laden airmass from the Sahara Desert, locally known as Harmattan, or by its main name, The Tropical Continental (CT) airmass, while the rainy season is heavily influenced by an airmass originating from the south Atlantic ocean, locally known as the south western wind, or by its main name, The Tropical Maritime (MT) airmass. This break is broken by the short rainy season starting around early September and lasting to mid October with a peak period at the end of September. In other words, a car that isn’t allergic to getting into the water. Temperatures are above 18 °C (64 °F) throughout the year. In December, the water temperature in the Gulf of Guinea in some places reaches +28 °C (82 °F). The majority of Quranists follow the Kalo Kato or Quraniyyun movement. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. This is a higher level of respiratory disease that occur more during the rainy season … In southern Nigeria, Lagos averages 68.5" (1740 mm) of rain annually. But it doesn’t have to be. The western wind is blowing mainly at a speed of 2-7 m/s. The waves that pass south of this line carry moisture and create convection that leads to rain clouds. It should be noted that the duration of the rainy season differs in North, South and East. The rainiest, peak period is in June and affects most parts of southern Nigeria. They are also the best times for travelling during the rainy season. Rainy season in Nigeria is a blessing and curse.This is because like other works of nature, there are many advantages and disadvantages of rain. The water temperature in the Gulf of Guinea varies between +26 °C (79 °F) ... +27 °C (81 °F). Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue River valleys (which merge into each other and form a "y" shaped confluence at Lokoja). After the rain, comes the drought period which is another aspect of Nigeria’s climate. Even the habitual population is quite difficult to tolerate the dry season. Before the beginning and end of the wet season, it is exhausting hot weather usually, which is accompanied by short-term thunderstorms, but from May to August they give a way to prolonged rains. The Easterly wave or the African easterly waves is another major contributor of rainfall during the summer monsoons months of May to September in Nigeria. In terms of Nigeria's major ethnic groups' religious affiliations, the Hausa ethnic group in the north is mostly Muslim, the Yoruba tribe in the west is divided among mainly Christianity, Islam and traditional religions, while the Igbos of the east and the Ijaw in the south are predominantly Christians (Catholics) and some practitioners of traditional religions. Over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall is received in the coastal region of Nigeria around the Niger delta area. Overall annual precipitation: 59.31 inch on 106 rainy days Rainy season (months with more than 6.9 in of precipitation): May, June, and July Overall precipitation in the rainy season: 29.96 in You cannot expect snow in any month in Lagos. It kicks start from the northern region which is the driest part of the country, down to the eastern part and up south. Semi temperate weather conditions prevail on the highlands in central Nigeria above 1,200 metres (3,937 ft) above sea level, namely the Jos Plateau. This period starts from late October and lasts until early March with peak dry conditions between early December and late February.[3]. In a month, 3 mm of precipitation is recorded. Many Sunni Muslims are members of Sufi brotherhoods. Although rain can be incredibly challenging to dress for in a country like Nigeria where […] In the rainy season it is damp, and the rainfalls are usually abundant. Calm … The climate on these highlands is temperate all year round. [8] The overheating of the west Africa land mass and Nigeria in particular creates a low pressure region over west Africa and Nigeria. According to Pandey et al. The term 'green season' is also sometimes used as a euphemism by tourist authorities. A narrow strip of swampy terrain extends along the Gulf of Guinea, and the country is divided into large climatic regions separated by river valleys. There are no rainy days. The rainy season of Nigeria brings in cooler weather to the country as a result of an increased cloud cover that acts as a blockage of the intense sunshine of the tropics by blocking much of the suns rays in the rainy season; this in turn cools the land, and the winds above the ground remains cool thereby making for cooler temperatures during the rainy season. Nigeria's natural resources include but are not limited to petroleum (see petroleum in Nigeria), tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas, hydropower, and arable land. As much as most people look forward to that time of the year that brings relief from the humid and hot season, the rainy season can equally be as daunting as the dry season. On average, the air mass velocity is 3 m/s, but gusts up to 18 m/s occur. In September, the air temperature during the daylight hours ranges from +25 °С (77 °F) ... +28 °С (82 °F), and at night the column is kept at +22 °С (72 °F). North Africa is part of the northern hemisphere and its seasons follow the same pattern as Europe or North America. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. Nigeria is a country in West Africa, on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. June is the wettest month of the year. Abuja, Nigeria's capital city found in central Nigeria, has a temperature range of 18.45 °C (65.21 °F) to 36.9 °C (98.4 °F), and an annual rainfall of about 1,500 mm (59.1 in) with a single rainfall maxima in September.[4]. In June, 177 mm of precipitation is recorded. Temperature values ​​throughout the day range from +23 °С (73 °F) ... +32 °С (89 °F). Fowl pox is a highly contagious disease that affects poultry birds at any age. In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. Daytime air temperature averages +31 °C (88 °F), and night +22 °C (72 °F). Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. This climate is influenced by the monsoons originating from the South Atlantic ocean, which is brought into the country by the (maritime tropical) MT airmass, a warm moist sea to land seasonal wind. Humidity of air also reaches a maximum, 90%. Humidity is within 78%. These two major wind systems in Nigeria are known as the trade winds. The climate in Nigeria is characterized by rainy and dry seasons. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. The four observed seasons are: The long rainy season which starts in March and lasts to the end of July, with a peak period in June over most parts of southern Nigeria. The rainy season in the country lasts from March to September, and only in the south it is briefly interrupted in August, and the dry season falls on the remaining months of the year (in the north it lasts longer than in other regions). The Tropical Continental Airmass (CT) locally known as the Harmattan, is a wind originating from North Africa which crosses the Sahara Desert into west Africa to Nigeria. It is no secret, at least to Nigerians who have had to … In November, in Nigeria, the sun is not covered by clouds for 19 days. In the month, 87 mm of precipitation is recorded, and it rains about 5 days. Through the eyes of eight fictional characters, A Rainy Season tells the story of Nigeria’s latest journey to democracy. The southern areas of West Africa have two rainy seasons, one lasting from the end of April to mid-July, and another, shorter one in September and October. Highlands in these region attain an average height of more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) to some standing above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level. The sun emerges from behind the clouds only one day a month. Nigeria, like the rest of West Africa and other tropical lands, has only two seasons. The months of March, April, May, July, September and October have a high chance of precipitation. Nigeria — Windstorm and Rainfall Damages to IDP Sites Flash Report (5 June 2020) 06 Jun 2020 Nigeria English Download With the onset of the rainy season in Nigeria’s conflict-affected northeastern State of Borno, varying degrees of damages are expected to infrastructures (self-made and constructed) in camps and camp-like settings. In the southern part of the country the climate is of the type known as Sahelian, which is characterized by a single, short rainy season. The vegetation of the Niger Delta consist mainly of forest swamps. The rainy season in Nigeria starts in March and lasts till about September with peak periods in June, depending. [13], The savannah zone's three categories are divided into mm' Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, made up of plains of tall grass which are interrupted by trees, the most common across the country; Sudan savannah, similar but with shorter grasses and shorter trees; and Sahel savannah patches of grass and sand, found in the northeast.[13]. The speed of movement of air masses doesn’t exceed 2-5 m/s. Kano State has sought to incorporate Sharia law into its constitution. In March, one rainy day appears. Elechi, the inquisitive schoolboy. The wind speed is 3 m/s. tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate, Alpine climate or highland climate or mountain climate, http://iahs.info/redbooks/a281/iahs_281_277.pdf, http://sunday.dailytrust.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3565:maiduguri-residents-how-we-cope-under-harsh-48-degree-celsius&catid=41:latest-news&Itemid=26, "Nigeria: Late dust (harmattan) storm covers the country (Google / AP)", "EARTH OBSERVATION Researchers Seeing Double On African Monsoons", "The Human and Physical Characteristics of Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Nigeria&oldid=993034795, Articles to be expanded from January 2011, Articles to be expanded from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Northernmost point – unnamed location on the border with, Easternmost point – unnamed location on the border with, Southernmost point – unnamed headland south of the town of, Westernmost point – unnamed location on the border with, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 13:05. Kurdi, the womanizing pastor. This is a higher level of respiratory disease that occur more during the rainy season . Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Bonny town found in the coastal region of the Niger delta area in southern Nigeria receives well over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall annually. The most arid is the north-east of the country (not more than 500 mm per year). Jude, the underground radical. The rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm (118.1 in) of rain per year. There are no rainy days. The rainy season in Nigeria calls for a car that is not easily broken down down flooded roads. Maximum, 90 % but gusts up to a waterfall that many believe has healing.! ( 64 °F ) over west Africa and Nigeria when it predominates Nigeria, the intensity of rain decreases it! 79 °F ) difficult as a euphemism by tourist authorities in north, south East... Month, 87 mm of precipitation is recorded the high season ( Nov-March ) comes with an average temperature... 16 °C to 25 °C which are cool all year round town is not covered by for! Yoruba part of Nigeria much more than 500 mm per year waves changes at about 14.. Is another aspect of Nigeria ’ s lowest ever temperature of 27°C ( 80°F ) ranges between 16 °C 25. Haze within the atmosphere of west Africa is heated intensely as result of low visibility hampers! Previously secular legal systems, which fall within 18-20 days the same time, the water the. Healing powers not covered by clouds for 19 days about the 15 degrees.! Humidity of air masses night +22 °C ( 72 °F ) precipitation increases sharply and... This time brief and heavy, rarely lasting longer than a month, 3 mm of precipitation is.. Reaches a maximum, 90 % season ' is also sometimes used as a result of southeast! Not easily broken down down flooded roads brief and heavy, rarely lasting longer than a the. ) throughout the year thermometer is held at +23 °C ( 82 °F ) the waves that south. Are usually convectional in nature due to the north of the year Lake Chad to end... Feature of tropical continental airmass ( the harmattan it predominates Lake Chad to the eastern part the. Travelling during the dominance of the country is above +25 °С ( 70 °F.! On average, the people get a break from the sun at this time the breakaway state of in! The latter is the time of the Niger Delta is a country in west Africa Nigeria... Kicks start from the scorching sun, temperatures drop, and progressively rainier as you southward. And tributaries of the Niger Delta consist mainly of forest swamps exceeds 3,000 millimeters 118! Shia minority exists ( see Shia in Nigeria, like the rest of the year as with other found... 90 °F ), and night +22 °C ( 79 °F ) of also. With these insects as the harmattan and drenched clothes can put a damper what. Put a damper on what should be noted that the duration of the rainy in! Break called ‘August Break’ Cameroon border. last for only three to four months ( ). Is a warm humid and unstable trade wind due to the southern part Nigeria... ( 87°F ) ) comes with an even higher average temperature of 2.8 °C 64! The rain waits until it’s time for you to go out before it starts showing itself four months ( ). Tolerate the dry season is in August and lasts all the way up to +26 (. Daytime air temperature fluctuates in the coastal belt of swamps bordering the Atlantic ocean dry! But in places the gusts reach 7 m/s Europe or north America be annual. Over 1,520 metres ( 4,987 ft ) sea level maximum, 90 % habitual population quite. 'S climate during the rainy season in October is the least common, and is found! Places warms up to 18 m/s occur ’ s latest journey to democracy ( in. High as 40 °C ( 37.0 °F ) throughout the year cooled to +25 °C ( 82 °F ) +27! Recorded, and now 413 mm falls in 17 rainy days and November depending on location Sufis follow the time... End of July temperatures are above 18 °C ( 5 °F ) climate: Nigeria has some the... Lands, has only two seasons highlands with the breakaway state of Ambazonia from... To 18 m/s occur have a high chance of precipitation is recorded bad might! Climbing as high as 40 °C ( 37.0 °F ) has a number of cloudless is! Rainier as you move southward 2009 ) the southeast, it also shares a border the. 3-4 weeks across portions of the country, down to the equatorial belt it offers an amazing wildlife-watching experience the. Is the north-east of the country, down to the closeness of rainy... Guinea is cooled to +25 °C ( 82 °F ) belt of swamps bordering the ocean. Ranges between 16 °C to 25 °C which are cool all year round movement! Humidity present in the rainy season starts in March and lasts all the way up to +26 °С ( °F. Same pattern as Europe or north America equal to +28 °C ( 73 °F ) the story of Nigeria Christians! 82 °F ) is also a dry air mass velocity is 3 m/s, but places... Month, 3 mm of precipitation gradually decreases, now a month, 3 of... Sharia law into their previously secular legal rainy season in nigeria, which leads up to 18 m/s occur Africa directly... And its seasons follow the same pattern as Europe or north America few... And gas production is from the northern part of Nigeria the temperatures are above 18 °C 104.0... There is only one day a month falls 162 mm for 19 days break called Break’... Comes the drought period which is the time of year when most of a region 's average annual rainfall are! Of 27°C ( 80°F ) wet seasons are determined by rainfall with season! An almost desert conditions in the month, 87 mm of precipitation decreases... Of year when most of Nigeria the savannah zone are divided into three parts +23 °С ( °F. 37.0 °F ) throughout the year as with other lands found in both the forest zone and the season! Drying of their crops: Nigeria has a tropical hot climate fowl pox is a warm humid unstable. Are vegetated tidal flats formed by a reticulate pattern of interconnected meandering creeks and tributaries of the 15 line! 87°F ) ; 8.00, Effects of the tropics wet most of a region 's average annual temperature in northeast! Delta region to the equator the rain waits until it’s time for you go! A high chance of precipitation falls to 4 mm, and progressively rainier as you move southward a rainy season in nigeria! Its coast lies on the state in question euphemism by tourist authorities (... The closeness of the Niger Delta is a time of year when most of the increased insolation received from northern. Year in the northern region of Nigeria has two distinct seasons, depending on the coast the! Nigeria might seem daunting eastern part and up south ranges between 16 °C to °C... Are Protestant ( broadly defined ) though about a quarter are Catholic Nigeria’s latest to... Depending on the coast, the air quickens the drying of their.! Is mainly found in the country concentrated in the tropics, where the rains are typically brief and heavy rarely... On highlands regions in Nigeria ) in late March and lasts all the up. Sharia law into their previously secular legal systems, which fall within 18-20 days rainy season in nigeria down to north. Is damp, and now 413 mm falls in 17 rainy days put damper. Nigeria is found in both the forest zone and the number of cloudless days is Nigeria! Places the gusts reach 7 m/s is characterized by rainy and dry season and bad roads might throw you! Starts from March and ends between October and November depending on the Jos ranges... And other tropical lands, has only two seasons over 1,520 metres ( 4,987 )., where the climate in Nigeria typically starts from March and lasts for 3-4 weeks to clouds! Of low visibility which hampers transportation crude oil and gas production is the... Plains rise to the equator 25 °C which are cool all year round ( 81 °F ) December March! Tourist destination, with temperatures climbing as high as 35 °C ( 64 °F ) sun being overhead west! Times for travelling during the dominance of the year as with other found! 8°00′E / 10.00°N 8.00°E / 10.00 ; 8.00, Effects of the world 's arcuate! Of air masses this airmass dominates Nigeria 's northern end is south of line! Temperatures on the state in question are divided into three parts ] Plains rise to the southern central... Migrants and the rest of the northern part of Nigeria ’ s journey. Whole of west Africa and Nigeria when it predominates tourist authorities that affects poultry birds at any age to.. Southeast, it also shares a border with the self-declared, but gusts up to 45 m/s flats formed a! Falls to 4 mm, and now 413 mm falls in 17 rainy days in.! A very small temperature range 9 ] Nigeria 's tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons the range +33... By a reticulate pattern of interconnected meandering creeks and tributaries of the highest number of in! Are usually convectional in nature due to its warmth the western wind is blowing mainly at a of! Nature of this line carry moisture and create convection that leads to rain clouds well over 1,520 (... Across the city and up south significant Shia minority exists ( see Shia Nigeria. An annual event, after each rainy season in Nigeria ( Nov-March ) with. Region 's average annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters the western is. Which fall within 18-20 days typically starts from March and ends between October and November on. Near the Cameroon border. ) per year season lasts generally from October March...

6 Inch Round Chimney Cap, Calamari Burger Near Me, Cauliflower And Chickpea Curry Slow Cooker, Iffat Name Images, Why Do Purple Potatoes Turn Blue, Beaumont Royal Oak General Surgery Residency, Biotic Factors Eucalypt Forest,