Meanwhile, there was a noticeable rapid decline in supplies of items like face masks. But what makes the Philippine government one of the worst examples of handling the pandemic is its incompetence married with militarism threaded throughout its responses. He has also brought up unsubstantiated activities of guerrilla groups as threats to government aid efforts without conceding any missteps in his management. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”, To deal with the inadequacies, Congress’ Makabayan (Patriotic) bloc, composed of several opposition parties, has forwarded a bill to expand the SAP in the hopes of reaching out to more Filipinos in need. On the day the first case was confirmed in the Philippines, presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo clarified that the government wouldn’t be distributing masks to vulnerable populations as it had none to give out. Another economic problem in the Philippines is lingering government corruption. The start of the school year in the Philippines has been delayed, again. The economy should have regained some lost ground in Q3 following Q2’s huge contraction, although momentum was likely still shaky amid lingering restrictions on activity. How can Filipinos, especially low-income families, stay at home when they are being forced into homelessness?Â. Even with ECQ measures still in place in early May, the government allowed for large-scale gambling with the re-opening of Philippine Offshore Gaming Operations or POGOs, which have a significant Chinese workforce and capital. Stories such as those of a mentally ill Army veteran who was shot dead for being outside and a fish vendor severely beaten for not wearing a face mask have become commonplace. Important as a stimulus to trade was the gradual elimination of the monopoly enjoyed by the galleon to Acapulco. Although the Philippine economy grew substantially in the early 2010s, lingering poverty remains another economic problem in the country. Since the lockdown went into effect, he has peddled the narrative of pasaways or “undisciplined” citizens as responsible for the ensuing problems. If Biden changes course on China, relatively speaking, could India-U.S. relations be affected? A majority of these countries began to use western democracies to shape their government. Other locals have recounted similar stories. However, a great deal depends on the public’s reaction to the disease. or POGOs, which have a significant Chinese workforce and capital. In a new book, a professor at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C. explores how great power competition is driving greater naval reach of Eurasian powers. Traditionally, the economy stabilized on the agrarian contributions and the manufacture of garments, pharmaceutical products, and semiconductors. There have been moments of abject incompetence from those in power around the world, but using the pandemic as a reason for increasingly flexing authoritarian muscles spells danger for the Philippines post-lockdown. As China held a hearing on a #MeToo icon’s case, Hong Kong was grappling with its biggest sexual harassment scandal yet. The country is now home to multiple cultures and ethnic groups. Hopefully, there can be random testing in areas that may have bigger concentrations of people.” Caguiat also noted that testing operations should be free (some cost around $60), with clear procedures on contact tracing for all — something that has yet to be undertaken, unlike in neighboring countries.Â, In the immediate aftermath of the lockdown, poor Filipinos especially were distraught by the prospect of contending with hunger. Police have begun to target relief workers and even people posting unflattering opinions about Duterte online. For most middle-class families without high-return investment accounts or trust funds to rely on, their main source of income are their jobs. , attributed to a reluctance to upset relations with China. The model BIT of 2016 is vague, flawed, and offers little succor for Indian or foreign investors. Even with ECQ measures still in place in early May, the government allowed for large-scale gambling with the re-opening of. It is a bleak one marred by a totalitarian streak and the people’s increased realization that the state is more intent on filling jails and the pockets of Chinese businesses than starving stomachs.Â. What growth occurred in recent years came in the real estate and gambling industries, which do not produce long-term, middle-class jobs. In the last week of March, Duterte announced a larger economic relief package of nearly $4 billion, primarily for low-income families, dubbed the Social Amelioration Program (SAP). On top of deploying thousands of police and soldiers throughout the archipelago to enforce the ECQ, Duterte has on two occasions threatened the public with all-out martial law. At the very least, it is deemed a step in the right direction. The backlash facing Filipinos now and after the quarantine is quite a distressing picture. Maybe social workers can go house to house, but they are also lacking PPEs and working long hours. Renewed demands for equal rights from Thailand’s LGBT activists have accompanied the recent pro-democracy protests. In this May 11, 2020, photo provided by the Malacanang Presidential Photographers Division, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, wearing a mask, talks to cabinet officials during a meeting at the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila, Philippines. Although the Philippine economy grew substantially in the early 2010s, lingering poverty remains another economic problem in the country. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”, About The biggest single haul of the crackdown came on Labor Day, May 1. Democracy in the Philippines After … They should instead opt for a universal approach, extending financial assistance to everyone in need throughout the process. How will Beijing use its version? After analyzing government data, mathematics professor Lex Muga hopes that the target can be achieved but explained that “community transmission has not stopped. They particularly noted that 1.7 million workers have been excluded from aid programs.Â, “It is reprehensible that while Duterte’s economic managers discuss the need for economic recovery from the COVID-19 fallout. Much is still needed in expanding testing throughout the archipelago, such as increasing testing and quarantine centers to minimize backlogs.”, Even with the DOH announcing that the country is starting to “flatten the curve,” coupled with a new target of 30,000 tests per day by the end of May, there is still some doubt as to whether this is achievable. The Philippines is among the newly democratized developing states. The Philippines and Democracy 2439 Words | 10 Pages. Curfew violators, poor and displaced residents, activists, and alleged “fake news” disseminators are facing arrest and persecution as they accuse authorities of failing to provide relief. October 20, 2020. He has also brought up unsubstantiated activities of guerrilla groups as threats to government aid efforts without conceding any missteps in his management. With no available sources of income and virtually nonexistent savings, many homeless and slum dwellers bore the brunt of the ECQ.Â. Ninety-two individuals across five cities were imprisoned while either engaging in feeding programs or joining online protests.Â, Prominent human rights group KARAPATAN slammed the mass arrests, saying the regime should refocus its efforts. With hospitals reportedly lacking in personal protective equipment (PPE), the financial stimulus came with disheartening details that half of the amount was intended for boosting the tourism industry and only 11.4 percent was aimed toward the acquisition of testing kits and other materials to curb the virus.Â, The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged the mass production and use of testing kits as a basic necessity in combating the pandemic, yet even the DOH on March 20 felt that there was “no need for mass testing yet,” a reminder of how they sorely misread the situation.Â, Doctor Josh San Pedro, a co-convener of the Coalition of People’s Right to Health (CPRH), explained to The Diplomat that “health authorities may have been complacent, as it was only in mid-March that significant improvements were made to testing capacity, despite locally-made kits being ready as early as February. People are lining up under the heat of the summer sun desperate for assistance. But a few days earlier, government leaders were touting Philippine generosity in aiding China with a donation of masks worth $1.4 million that were shipped to Wuhan.Â, A full month passed before Duterte officially declared the country in a “State of Public Health Emergency” on March 9, five days before the number of confirmed COVID 19 patients breached the 100 mark. Poverty is a major social problem in the Philippines with 21.6 percent of the Filipino population earning an income below the poverty line, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority. On April 1, more than a hundred people from the city slums of Sitio San Roque gathered on a nearby highway to voice their discontent and demand food and aid. However, Manila’s overall response to the pandemic has been fraught with incompetence and rife with terror.Â. © 2020 Diplomat Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. China's massive investments in Ethiopia give it a lot to lose amid renewed sectarian violence. A week later, the government announced its initial emergency response package to the virus, totaling $535 million. He was brought to the local military encampment and told to cease all political activity, surrender to the government, and only then would they receive any aid. The pandemic caused the largest global recession in history, with more than a third of the global population at … After experiencing years of positive growth, the Philippine economy between 1973 and 1986 suffered a downturn due to a mixture of domestic and international problems. Strict compliance with the ECQ is ordered for all citizens, with the exception of frontline professionals, until at least May 15. In the last decade, electronic exports added to the exports, along with various products obtained by min… Michael Beltran is a freelance journalist from the Philippines. “Inflation is the most political of all economic risks because it can be felt immediately,” said Gene Pilapil, a political science professor at the University of the Philippines in Quezon City. declared they will stop issuing warnings and will simply arrest even low-level violators of the quarantine rules. Critics say that concentrated wealth in the hands of a few rich Filipinos prevents the majority of the population from sharing in rapid economic growth. “Income growth of the middle class has been slower than for both those above and below them,” Richard Reeves, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institute and the director of its Future of the Middle Class Initiative, told ABC News. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. Palabay pointed to the murder of relief worker Jory Porquia the day before Labor Day by suspected elements of law enforcement as the backdrop of her comments. Democracy In The Philippines. More than 99 million Filipinos lived on less than $5,000 a year. Duterte ordered a travel ban only for passengers coming from Wuhan, China specifically on January 31, a day after the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in the Philippines. On Thursday, the PSA announced that the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate declined by 16.5% in the second quarter of 2020, which was the lowest recorded quarterly growth since 1981. Philippines Manila: A megacity where the living must share with the dead As the world faces overpopulation, the Philippine capital highlights the problems it … Twenty-one of the hungry protesters were beaten and arrested by the police. The group’s secretary general Cristina Palabay said, “The Duterte government and its minions [are] exploiting quarantine measures to harass, vilify, and rabidly arrest — even kill — activists. While the unemployment rate fell notably in the third quarter, it was still close to double its pre-Covid-19 level, which, coupled with rock-bottom consumer sentiment and … Lunzaga adds, “We have four barangays (towns) in the Pandi municipality, each with more than a thousand poor families. It is also looked upon as a perfect example of a ‘mixed economy’. Impoverished children often live with their parents in bamboo huts that lack adequate stability and structure. Finding the balance between public health and reviving the economy has been fraught with dilemmas. Since the start of the pandemic, China has maintained a favorable position in the Duterte administration’s eyes. The president of PDP-Laban (Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan), Duterte’s party, Senator Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III, was among the legislators who tested positive for COVID-19. The Duterte administration’s COVID-19 response marries incompetence with militarism. Economic problems in the Philippines include high unemployment and the concentration of wealth in a small number of wealthy families. In Beijing’s pursuit of shifting its trade and energy dependencies from sea to land, Nur-Sultan is a necessary partner. It was a colony of Spain and the USA. The state should welcome the involvement of civil society groups and the private sector in the relief effort and reduce obstacles of various permits for their participation.”, Robert Lunzaga, a community leader in the province of Bulacan from the national urban poor group Kadamay, told, that not only were SAP allotments too few for their predominantly impoverished town but those aligned with organizations critical of the administration were bullied by the authorities. After recording the first locally transmitted case in November, Mongolia’s local cases of COVID-19 have surpassed imported cases. China now has an answer to the United States' Entity List. With newly acquired powers he called for an even stricter implementation of the ECQ. MANILA, Philippines — Despite being relatively insulated from the effects of the coronavirus disease 2019, (COVID-19), the Philippines will likely see slower economic growth in … The Philippines And the struggle for democracy The second half of the 20th century brought many new countries in Southeast Asia. Philippines - Philippines - Martial law: In September 1972 Marcos declared martial law, claiming that it was the last defense against the rising disorder caused by increasingly violent student demonstrations, the alleged threats of communist insurgency by the new Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), and the Muslim separatist movement of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). South Korea's government is banking on AI as part of its post-COVID recovery. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Many children live in poverty in the Philippines, often lacking adequate shelter and clothing. Despite rapid economic growth in the Philippines in recent years, unemployment remains a persistent problem for the sprawling Southeast Asian nation of … Like most other southeast Asian regions, Philippines too has a history of European colonization. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Arrests have also extended to anyone caught criticizing the administration’s perceived failures during the pandemic. Unfortunately, local stakeholders, who have the greatest stake in protecting the environment and the natural resources therein, have limited economic incentives, financial support and capacity to manage high biodiversity … Their already poverty-stricken community, like many others, had found it near impossible to deal with having no livelihood or even space to stock up on food in such tight quarters. Instead of responding to the socioeconomic needs of the people, these mass arrests will only worsen the plight of the poor. My orders are to the police and military, as well as village officials, if there is any trouble, or occasions where there’s violence and your lives are in danger: shoot them dead.”, Taking his cue, the police declared they will stop issuing warnings and will simply arrest even low-level violators of the quarantine rules. But we should be testing for all, not only by priority. The Philippines' rich biodiversity is under threat, mostly from human activities, including deforestation and forest degradation, illegal fishing and illicit wildlife trade. Public officials are currently mulling the extension of the lockdown until June 15, which indicates that the country isn’t on the verge of managing the pandemic, contrary to DOH pronouncements.Â, However, Dr. Julie Caguiat, also of CPRH, mentioned that there should be a better roadmap to attaining this with “mass testing not only for those with symptoms. The UAE has officially approved a Sinopharm vaccine, while there are promising unofficial results from Sinovac’s Indonesia trial. Can the Duterte government gets its act together? While Singapore, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Hong Kong took the early initiative on travel restrictions and emergency measures, the Philippines was noticeably late to follow suit. With a slashed budget for disease surveillance and epidemiology for 2020, contact tracing was increasingly difficult in Metro Manila for example, one of the world’s most densely populated cities.”, Since the start of the pandemic, China has maintained a favorable position in the Duterte administration’s eyes. But each barangay has only been allotted around 400 slots for the SAP. Ethiopia give it a lot to lose amid renewed sectarian violence the 2015 census created major delays in Pandi. To keep pace with the growing population About this Apocalyptic year largely taxes. 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